Native of Slovenia and a theatre and radio director by profession, Peljhan founded the arts and technology organization Projekt Atol in the early 90’s and co-founded one of the first media labs in Eastern Europe, LJUDMILA in 1995. He has been working on the Makrolab, a project that focuses on telecommunications, migrations and weather systems research in an intersection of art and science from 1997-2007, the Interpolar Transnational Art Science Constellation during the International Polar Year (project 417) and is currently coordinating the Arctic Perspective Initiative art/science/tactical media project focused on the global significance of the Arctic geopolitical, natural and cultural spheres together with Matthew Biederman.

Peljhan has also been the flight director of ten parabolic experimental flights in collaboration with the Microgravity Interdisciplinary Research initiative and the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre, creating opportunities for artists to work in alternating high acceleration and weightless conditions. During the series of World Information.org projects, he has installed several communications mapping and interception systems and projects and his research led him to map the command and control communications networks and response during the Srebrenica genocide. He is the recipient of many prizes for his work, including the 2001 Golden Nica Prize at Ars Electronica together with Carsten Nicolai for their work, “polar”, the UNESCO Digital Media Prize for Makrolab in 2004 and the main Slovenian award for cultural and artistic achievements, the Preseren Foundation Prize in 2007. During 2008, Peljhan was appointed as one of the European Union Ambassadors of Intercultural dialogue. His work was exhibited internationally at multiple biennales and festivals (Venice, Gwangju, Brussels, Manifesta, Johannesburg, Istanbul, Lyon, Montreal, Sapporo), at the documenta in Kassel, several ISEA exhibitions, several Ars Electronica presentations and major museums, such as the P.S.1 MOMA, New Museum of Contemporary Art, ICC NTT Tokyo, YCAM Yamaguchi, Van Abbemuseum, MAC and others. From 2009 on he is one of the series editors of the Arctic Perspective Cahiers series (Hatje Cantz and API).He holds joint professor appointments with the Department of Art and the Media Arts & Technology graduate program at the University of California Santa Barbara, and was appointed as Co-Director of the University of California system-wide Institute for Research in the Arts from 2009 to 2013, where he is still coordinating the art/science Integrative methodologies initiative. He is also the director of the MAT Systemics Lab at UCSB and was, together with Karl Yerkes and Daniel Bazo named artist in residence at the SETI Institute from 2013-2015.